STUDI ETNOBOTANI TUMBUHAN OBAT BERBASIS PENGETAHUAN LOKAL DI DESA SELOLIMAN KECAMATAN TRAWAS KABUPATEN MOJOKERTO JAWA TIMUR

  • Iif Hanifa Nurrosyidah STIKES Rumah Sakit Anwar Medika
  • Milu Asri Riya STIKES Rumah Sakit Anwar Medika
  • Alfian Fachruddin Ma’ruf STIKES Rumah Sakit Anwar Medika
Keywords: Etnobotani, Seloliman, Trawas, Mojokerto

Abstract

Indonesia is the country with the second largest biodiversity after Brazil, where 20,000 species of medicinal plants in which 1,000 species have been documented and 300 species have been used as traditional medicine. Seloliman is a village located on the slopes of Mount Penanggungan, Trawas District, Mojokerto Regency, East Java. The people of Seloliman village still depend on nature, most people still use natural materials for treatment and daily needs. Therefore in this research ethnobotany study and identification of medicinal plants based on local knowledge will be conducted in Seloliman Village, Trawas District, Mojokerto Regency, East Java. The study was conducted by exploring the potential of the community as a place of ethnobotany research with open observation and interview methods. The technique for selecting informants is based on information from local residents or village heads who are most aware of medicinal plants. Collecting data on medicinal plants used for traditional medicine through structured interviews. Data recorded are local names, Latin names, family names, ways of obtaining, parts of plants used, diseases treated, and how they are used. Furthermore, each type of plant used is documented. Based on the results of research conducted is the type of plant used for treatment varies greatly, the plant parts used are mostly the leaves (57%), flowers (10%), and the rest are the stem, bark, rhizome, roots, flowers, fruit and seeds. Sources of plants used are mostly cultivated plants (46%), wild (30%), wild and cultivated (17%) and bought on the market (7%). While the way to use it is mostly boiled. Most of the Seloliman village community, Trawas Subdistrict, Mojokerto Regency, East Java have been influenced by outside cultures, so that their local knowledge about plants used in medicine needs to be further explored in order to be preserved. There are only two speakers (traditional healers) in the village of Seloliman who still hold the tradition related to treatment using natural materials.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Balai Besar Penelitian Dipterokarpa, Karmilasanti, K., Supartini, S., Balai Besar Penelitian Dipterokarpa, 2011.

Keanekaragaman Jenis Tumbuhan Obat Dan Pemanfaatannya Di Kawasan Tane’ Olen Desa Setulang Malinau, Kalimantan Timur. J. Penelit. Dipterokarpa 5, 23–38. https://doi.org/10.20886/jped.2011.5.1.23-38

Dianto, I., Anam, S., Khumaidi, A., 2015. Studi Etnofarmasi Tumbuhan Berkhasiat Obat Pada Suku Kaili Ledo Di Kabupaten Sigi, Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah. J. Farm. Galen. Galen. J. Pharm. E-J. 1, 85–91.
https://doi.org/10.22487/j24428744.2015.v1.i2.6237

Diba, F., Tavita, G.E., 2017. Pemanfaatan Tumbuhan Obat Oleh Masyarakat Di Desa Entogong Kecamatan Kayan Hulu Kabupaten Sintang 5, 12.

Hanif, N., Dina, A., Esti, Y.F., Taufik, M.A., Susidarti, R.A., 2017. Menunjukkan Efek Sitotoksik Pada Sel Kanker Payudara 4t1 Tetapi Tidak Melalui Jalur Reactive Oxygen Species (Ros) 10, 8.

Hidayat, A., LK, D., I, B., 2011. Fractination of the active compound from kepel (Stelechocarpus burahol) leaf extract as antibacterial. The 2nd International Symposium on Temulawak. Pusat Studi Biofarmaka LPPM IPB, IPB Bogor.

Husain, N.A., 2015. Program Studi Agroteknologi Jurusan Budidaya Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar 2015 83.

Indrayangingsih, W.O.I., Ibrahim, N., Anam, S., 2015. Studi Etnofarmasi Tumbuhan Berkhasiat Obat Pada Suku Buton Di Kecamatan Binongko, Kabupaten Wakatobi, Sulawesi Tenggara. J. Farm. Galen. Galen. J. Pharm. E-J. 1, 79–84. https://doi.org/10.22487/j24428744.2015.v1.i2.6236

Islami, M.Y., Ibrahim, N., Nugrahani, A.W., 2017. Studi Etnofarmasi Suku Kaili Moma Di Kecamatan Kulawi, Kabupaten Sigi, Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah: Ethnomedicinal Study of Kaili Moma Tribe In Kulawi Subdistrict, Sigi Regency, Central Sulawesi. J. Farm. Galen. Galen. J. Pharm. E-J. 3, 27–33. https://doi.org/10.22487/j24428744.2017.v3.i1.8136

Nugroho, I.A., 2010. Lokakarya Nasional Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia. Apforgen News Lett.
Nurrani, L., 2013. Pemanfaatan Tradisional Tumbuhan Alam Berkhasiat Obat Oleh Masyarakat Di Sekitar Cagar Alam Tangale 3, 22.

Nursiyah, 2013. Studi Deskriptif Tanaman Obat Tradisional Yang Digunakan Orangtua Untuk Kesehatan Anak Usia Dini Di Gugus Melati Kecamatan Kalikajar Kabupaten Wonosobo. Universitas Negeri Semarang, Semarang.
Oktoba, Z., 2018. Studi Etnofarmasi Tanaman Obat Untuk Perawatan Dan Penumbuh Rambut Pada Beberapa Daerah Di Indonesia. J. Jamu Indones. 3, 81–88. https://doi.org/10.29244/jji.v3i3.65

Purwatiningsih, Rahman Hakim, A., 2013. Efek Hipourikemia Ekstrak Daun Kepel [(Stelechocarpus burahol (BI).) Hook.F.& Th] Terhadap Allopurinol Secara In Vivo 6.
Published
2020-09-17
How to Cite
Nurrosyidah, I., Riya, M., & Ma’ruf, A. (2020). STUDI ETNOBOTANI TUMBUHAN OBAT BERBASIS PENGETAHUAN LOKAL DI DESA SELOLIMAN KECAMATAN TRAWAS KABUPATEN MOJOKERTO JAWA TIMUR. Jurnal Riset Kefarmasian Indonesia, 2(3), 169-185. https://doi.org/10.33759/jrki.v2i3.101
Views Statistic
  • Abstract 31
  • PDF 56