FORMULASI EKSTRAK ETANOL DAUN ALPUKAT (Persea americana Mill) DAN DAUN SIRIH (Piper betle) SEBAGAI REPELLANT (ANTI NYAMUK) BERBENTUK MAT ELEKTRIK TERHADAP NYAMUK Aedes aegypti

  • Arifuddin Yunus STIKes Salewangan Maros
  • Dwi Fitrah Wahyuni STIKes Salewangan Maros
  • An Nisaa Nurzak STIKes Salewangan Maros
Keywords: Dengue Fever, Avocado Leaf, Betel Leaf, Repellant, Aedes aegypti

Abstract

The epidemiology and area of the spread of DHF is increasing along with the increasing mobility and population density. One of the efforts made in eradicating mosquito vectors is by using insecticides. This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of the combination of avocado (Persea americana) and betel leaf (Piper betle) ethanol extracts against the death of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of the combination of avocado (Persea americana) and betel leaf (Piper betle) ethanol extracts against the death of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. This research design is experimental with post test only control group design. The electric mat that had been soaked with a combination of ethanolic extract of avocado (Persea americana) and ethanolic extract of betel leaf (Piper betle) was divided into 4 concentration groups, namely positive control, negative control, and a combination of extracts with concentrations of 1%, 3% and 5 %. Then tested with 10 Aedes aegypti mosquitoes in each treatment. Then tested with 10 Aedes aegypti mosquitoes in each treatment. The results showed that at a concentration of 5% it was able to kill 10 Aedes aegypti mosquitoes in just 5 minutes compared to concentrations of 1% and 3%. From this study it can be concluded that the greater the concentration of extract used, the faster the duration of time to kill the Aedes aegypti mosquito.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aini, R., Widiastuti, R., & Nadhifa, N. A. (2016). uji efektifitas formula spray dari minyak atsiri herba kemangi (ocimum sanctum l) sebagai repellent nyamuk aedes aegypti. jurnal ilmiah manuntung, 2(2), 189–197.

Ardiyan, A. (1992). Tinjauan Pustaka Penggunaan Pestisida bagi Berbagai Jenis Tanaman, 7–29. Retrieved from http://eprints.undip.ac.id/43729/3/pdf

Astriani, Y., & Widawati, M. (2016). Potensi Tanaman Di Indonesia Sebagai Larvasida Alami Untuk Aedes Aegypti Spirakel, Doi : 10.22435/Spirakel.V8i2.6166.37-46, (Desember). Https://Doi.Org/10.22435/ Spirakel. V8i2.6166.37-46

Budiman, & Rahmawati. (2015). Perbandingan Efektivitas Ekstrak Zodia ( Evodia sauveolens ) dan Serai ( Cymbopogan citratus ) Sebagai Repellent ( Penolak ) Nyamuk. Higiene.

Dwina, Rizki Anindhita, Budiyono. 2014. “Daya Tolak Repellent Bentuk Lotion
dengan Ekstrak Daun Alpukat”. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat. 3(5) : 703

Fuad,2020.Efektivitas ekstrak etanol daun sirih sebagai larvasida terhadap larva aedes aegypti kecamatan Denpasar selatan, Bali. Jurnal Medika Undayana. Vol 9 no 9.

Handayani, r. (2017). faktor-faktor aini, r., widiastuti, r., & nadhifa, n. a. (2017). uji efektifitas formula spray dari minyak atsiri herba kemangi (ocimum sanctum l ) sebagai repellent nyamuk aedes aegypti. jurnal ilmiah manuntung, 2(2), 189. https://doi.org/10.51352/jim.v2i2.66

Ibrahim, E., & Manyullei, S. (2019). studi keberadaan larva aedes aegypti sebelum dan sesudah intervensi psn dbd di kelurahan pandang kecamatan panakukang kota makassar. 2, 12.

Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2018). laporan nasional riset kesehatan dasar 2018.pdf.

Ojewumi, M. E., Adedokun, S. O., Omodara, O. J., Oyeniyi, E. A., Taiwo, O. S., & Ojewumi, E. O. (2017).
Phytochemical and Antimicrobial Activities of the Leaf Oil Extract of Mentha Spicata and its Efficacy in Repelling Mosquito, 6(4), 17–27.

Ranasinghe, m. s. n., arambewelaand, l., & samarasinghe, s. (2016). development of herbal mosquito repellent formulations. international journal of pharmaceutical sciences and research, 7(may). https://doi.org/10.13140/rg.2.2.17857.25443

Sitorus, H., & Marini. (2019). Beberapa tanaman yang berpotensi sebagai repelen di indonesia. SPIRAKEL, DOI:Https://Doi.Org/10.22435/Spirakel.V11i1.1585, 11(1), 24–33.
Sukohar. (2014). Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD). Medula, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lampung, 2, 1–15.

sukowati. (2010). Masalah Vektor DBD dan Pengendaliannya. Buletin Jendela Epidemiologi.

World Health Organization. (2009). dengue guidelines for diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control (New Edition, 2019).

Yennie, E., & Elystia, S. (2013). pembuatan pestisida organik menggunakan metode ekstraksi dari sampah daun pepaya dan umbi bawang putih. jurnal dampak, 10(1), 46. https://doi.org/10.25077/dampak.10.1.46-59.2013

Zen, S., & Noor, R. (2016). inventarisasi tanaman yang berpotensi sebagai bioinsektisida nyamuk aedes aegyptii di kota metro provinsi lampung. bioedukasi, jurnal pendidikan biologi. universitas muhammadiyah metro, 7(2).
Published
2022-01-30
How to Cite
Yunus, A., Wahyuni, D., & Nurzak, A. (2022). FORMULASI EKSTRAK ETANOL DAUN ALPUKAT (Persea americana Mill) DAN DAUN SIRIH (Piper betle) SEBAGAI REPELLANT (ANTI NYAMUK) BERBENTUK MAT ELEKTRIK TERHADAP NYAMUK Aedes aegypti. Jurnal Riset Kefarmasian Indonesia, 4(1), 214-133. https://doi.org/10.33759/jrki.v4i1.219
Views Statistic
  • Abstract 142
  • PDF 138